FEMA 395 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of School Buildings (K-12)  


This manual provides school administrators with the information necessary to assess the seismic vulnerability of their buildings, and to implement a program of incremental seismic rehabilitation for those buildings. The manual consists of three parts:

Part A, Critical Decisions for Earthquake Safety in Schools, is for superintendents, board members, business managers, principals, and other policy makers who will decide on allocating resources for earthquake mitigation.

Part B, Managing the Process for Earthquake Risk Reduction in Existing School Buildings, is for school district facility managers, risk managers, and financial managers who will initiate and manage seismic mitigation measures.

Part C, Tools for Implementing Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation in School Buildings, is for school district facility managers, or those otherwise responsible for facility management, who will implement incremental seismic rehabilitation programs.

To get the most out of this manual:

  • Communicate the importance of assessing your district’s risks and pass this manual on to the staff members responsible for facility management, risk management, and financial planning. Specify that they develop an analysis of the current seismic risk of your buildings and a strategy for risk reduction
  • Promptly initiate a program of earthquake risk reduction in the district’s buildings located in an earthquake-prone zone that were not designed and constructed to meet modern building codes
  • Consider incremental seismic rehabilitation as a cost-effective means to protect the buildings and, most importantly, the safety of students, teachers, and staff, because it is a technically and financially manageable strategy that minimizes disruption of school activities